Understanding the Kidney Transplant Process

Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure that removes one healthy kidney from a donor and places it in another person who suffers from kidney disease or failure. One transplanted kidney can perform the work of two failed kidneys.

There are three main types of kidney transplant donors:

  • Living-related donor – a living family member
  • Living-unrelated donor – a spouse or friend
  • Deceased donors – a recently deceased person who wanted to be an organ donor

General Health Maintenance Requirements

During the pre-transplant process, the kidney transplant recipient and donor candidate must meet certain general health maintenance requirements to remain eligible for a transplant. These requirements include:

  • Immunization
  • Dental evaluation
  • Cardiac clearance