Accessibility Statement

We are committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience. To do so, we are actively working with consultants to update the website by increasing its accessibility and usability by persons who use assistive technologies such as automated tools, keyboard-only navigation, and screen readers.

We are working to have the website conform to the relevant standards of the Section 508 Web Accessibility Standards developed by the United States Access Board, as well as the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1. These standards and guidelines explain how to make web content more accessible for people with disabilities. We believe that conformance with these standards and guidelines will help make the website more user friendly for all people.

Our efforts are ongoing. While we strive to have the website adhere to these guidelines and standards, it is not always possible to do so in all areas of the website. If, at any time, you have specific questions or concerns about the accessibility of any particular webpage, please contact so that we may be of assistance.

Thank you. We hope you enjoy using our website.

Skip to Main Content

Kidney Disease

Does your child have kidney disease?

Kidney disease has been referred to as a silent killer because it can develop with subtle symptoms leading to advanced loss of kidney function that can require dialysis or kidney transplantation. In children, chronic kidney failure can develop without major symptoms until most of the kidney function is lost.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), kidney disease in children can be caused by a number of conditions including birth defects, hereditary diseases, infection, systemic diseases, trauma, urine blockage or reflux and immunological diseases including nephrotic syndrome.

It’s important for parents to be aware that timely detection of kidney problems offers the best chance to curb kidney damage and possibly reverse complications associated with the disorder.

Children or teens with the following symptoms should seek a visit to their doctor for further diagnosis.

  • Decreased or increased frequency of urination
  • Excessive thirst, particularly night time
  • Recurrent flank or abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Bloody diarrhea, pallor, and red urine
  • Red or cola-colored urine; excessively foamy urine suggests the presence of large amount of protein
  • Headaches
  • Itching and pallor
  • Swelling (even mild) of the hands and feet and/or puffiness around the eyes
  • Unexplained weight loss or lack of appetite
  • Unexplained fatigue

Systemic diseases such as diabetes or lupus, or prolonged use of medications put children at higher risk for kidney damage and they should be monitored regularly. Any kidney abnormality diagnosed in fetus during pregnancy should be followed after birth.

It’s also important to not ignore a high blood pressure reading as something that does not happen to children and is seen in adults only.

Whether you are a child or adult, keep your kidneys healthy by drinking enough water, limiting salt intake and eating a healthy diet.

For further information about kidney disease, dialysis and kidney transplantation, visit

Find a Doctor

Need a doctor for your child's care?